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Gum disease (periodontal disease) is an infection of the tissues that surround and support the teeth. It's caused by the growth of bacteria present in plaque, which is a clear, sticky substance that your mouth produces.
Periodontitis is a severe type of gum disease that can't be reversed. Gingivitis is a type that can be mild to severe, but it can be reversed.
Keeping your teeth and gums healthy can lower your risk of gum disease.
Current as of: March 9, 2022
Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review:Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine & Martin J. Gabica MD - Family Medicine & Steven K. Patterson BS, DDS, MPH - Dentistry & William H. Blahd Jr. MD, FACEP - Emergency Medicine
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